Facts about Mumbai in India, from Poverty to Bollywood
Hearing the word Mumbai, we must immediately think of the country of India and Its Bollywood. The city is reminiscent of the phenomenal films Slumdog Millionare (2008) and Hotel Mumbai (2019). It became the metropolitan city of the world. Nevertheless, the city holds some interesting facts. Here are five facts about Mumbai.
1. Former Portuguese colonies
In 1995 the city of Bombay was renamed Mumbai due to a political shift. The word Mumbai itself is taken from the name of the temple for the worship of a goddess named Mumba Devi Mandir. But before this is interpreted, in the Portuguese era, the city was named after Bom Bhai which in Portuguese means ‘beautiful city’.
Mumbai is geographically made up of seven islands that in the 16th century were ruled by the Portuguese. The islands are named Isle of Bomay, Colaba, Little Colaba, Mahim, Mazagaon, Parel, and Worli. Then in 1961 the Portuguese gave the seven islands to the British as a “dowry” because the Portuguese royal princess married the prince of England. Now the archipelago is under a Mumbai city administration.
2. The qibla of the film
The long history of the Bollywood film industry dates back to the late 19th century. It all started when the Lumiere brothers introduced their first work, a moving photograph, in 1896 in Mumbai. The founding father of Indian cinema himself was Dadasaheb Phalke who spawned a silent film entitled Raja harishchandra in 1913. It was also the first Indian film to be screened in London in 1914.
After that, Indian cinema grew. The first Indian film with a voice titled Alam Ara was screened in 1931 and in 1937 it was the first color film in India. So massive is the development of the film industry in India, even in the 1930s alone they were able to produce as many as 200 titles a year.
3. Historic for Indian transport
The first train to be present in India operates Mumbai. On 16 April 1853 the passenger train operated carrying 7 carriages and 400 passengers. Mumbai was also the first city in India to operate a public bus service on July 15, 1926. Not only that, the first airport operated in India is also located in Mumbai. The airport was named Mumbai’s Juhu Aerodrome which operated in 1928.
Although the transportation is quite complete, the quality of transportation in Mumbai can not be said to be good. For example, the toll of train accidents reaches 3,500 each year and road congestion is unusually severe.
4. Birthplace of world famous people
Mumbai is also the birthplace of the world-famous and rowed people. For example, Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata who is a world-renowned tycoon who is the founder of Tata Group. The group controls almost all industrial sectors, ranging from the transportation sector, the energy sector, and the consumption needs sector. The Author of Best Seller Novel The Jungle Book named Rudyard Kipling was also born in Mumbai in 1865.
Mumbai is also the birthplace of world-renowned Bollywood actresses such as Aamir Khan and Kareena Kapoor. Sania Miraza, a world-class tennis player, was born in this city.
5. The largest slum
The city of Mumbai is also contradictory. Although the city’s wealth stands at $950 billion and is confirmed as the 12th richest city in the world above Paris and Toronto, the chronic poverty is colouring the city. Half of the city’s population lives in slums with limited access to clean water, electricity and public transportation. About 6.5 million people live in a slum called Dharavi.
Dharavi is also the setting for the phenometric Bollywood film Slumdog Millionare. What’s even more interesting is that the city has a tourist destination to enjoy the slums called slum tours. The city’s poor use waste and recycling businesses as their livelihood.
Here are five interesting facts about the city of Mumbai which is now a metropolitan city in the world as well as a film industry city known throughout the world.